Osmaniye has a mild Mediterranean climate and is surrounded by fertile agricultural fields and forests where carpentry and woodworking once dominated the economy. Today the town is a processing center for the region’s production of cotton, wheat, corn, soybeans, and pistachios. Kilim weaving also has a great value in some districts of Osmaniye.
Some of its districts are; Bahce, Düzici, Kadirli, Hasanbeyli, Sumbas, and Toprakkale. Today there are many sites of interest in the towns’ city limits such as Kastabala Castle, Hemite, Frenk (Cardak), Toprakkale and Savranda (Kaypak) castles. There is also Zorkun high plateau just 26 kilometers (16 miles) to the southeast of the city and Olukbasi high plateau just 16 kilometers (10 miles), both providing refuge from the intense summer heat of Cukurova plain and ample grazing for the domestic animals.
The lands surrounding the city was inhabited by a nation called Lelegs in the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age. In the following centuries, the Great Hittite State, Assyrian civilization, Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Seljuk’s and finally Ottoman Empire reigned in the region.
At Karatepe National Park, 25 kilometers (15 miles) in Kadirli district, there is the Karatepe-Aslantas open-air museum, which is a neo-Hittite site where you can find the remains of the summer residence of King Asitawada and tablets of Hittite and Phoenician inscriptions.
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If you wish to travel by bus or car please give the details of your journey so we can recommend a local transfer service. You must allow 3 days for us to make suggestions.
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